Bananas are among the most popular fruits on the planet earth. They are very tasty, healthy and satiating. They come from Malaysia and have been known for over 4,000 years. Here is why bananas are the nature’s perfect food and why you should start eating two bananas a day.
100 grams of this delicious fruit contains:
- 90 Calories
- 1g Protein
- 23g Carbs
- 2g Fiber
- 4g Fat
Bananas are very rich in fibers and create a feeling of satiety in the stomach. Starch contained in this delicious fruit reduces the appetite. It lowers the blood sugar levels and increases the sensitivity towards insoline. From the insoline levels directly depends if you will store excess fat in your body or not.
Studies have shown that bananas that are rich in vitamin A and carotenoids have the potential to protect you from chronic diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and other cancers. More convincing evidence of the benefits of bananas for health emerged during the study, showing an important link between foods high in potassium, magnesium, calcium and fiber, such as bananas, for example, and reducing the risk of stroke in men.
This fruit contain all sorts of healthy ingredients – good phlavonoids and polyphenols like lutein, zeaxanthin, beta and alpha carotenes that act as antioxidants and are swallow free radicals. Also beneficial is the high content of vitamin C, most popular with its ability to fight infections.
Bananas – Ripe or unripe?
Ripeness degree of the banana depends on the preferences of people, who will consume it. Some prefer green bananas while other snatch only to the ones who are fully ripe. It is important for you to know that the nutritional values of the banana vary depending on the degree of Ripeness.
You have certainly noticed that the more ripe the bananas are, the sweeter they are. This is because the enzymes they contain are transformed into starch. The more ripe the fruit becomes, the starch is converted to mono and disaccharides, for example sucrose, glucose and fructose (simple sugars). When starch turns into simple sugars, the banana is ripe and is easier to digest from the stomach. Numerous studies, however, suggest that ripe bananas lose some of their minerals and vitamins.
On the other hand, a recent study found that when the banana is ripe, it contains various antioxidants and has anticancerogenic properties that have a positive effect on the human body. When the banana becomes completely yellow and dark spots appear on it now, it already contains a substance called TNF (tumor necrosis factor) which has the ability to fight malignant cells. The study shows that fully ripe bananas are more useful in the fight against cancer. Scientists have also found that yellow and mature bananas are eight times more effective for strengthening the immune system compared to green bananas.
Bananas are a great source of tryptophan – a compound that our bodies use to create serotonin. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that helps improve mood, promotes relaxation, and makes people feel happier. In other words, bananas are a good weapon against depression.